“Monsters exist, but they are too few in number to be truly dangerous.
More dangerous are the common men,
the functionaries ready to believe
and to act without asking questions.”
… there are times when I really feel shame over what other people has done – and the Holocaust – is one of them. I know it has nothing to do with me more than I should always honour the victims and never forget the evil. It is such horrific crime again the humanity.
I’m not at all good to face the truth about the Holocaust and I can only take a small portion of it at the time. I would never be able to visit Auschwitz-Birkenau. I know it will make me sick to the bone. For me is it so hard to grasp that there can be so much evil in some people and the worst thing is that is growing strong again – in far too many countries.
During the visit in Łódź we a day to the side for the Jewish Cemetery and the Radegast train station. They were just separated by a busy road – and the Litzmannstadt (the Łódź Ghetto) is located on the other side of the cemetery, we didn’t visit Litzmannstadt.
During the war, the site was incorporated into the ghetto and was commonly referred to as the “Cemetery at Marysin” A separate burial area was started in the southern part of the cemetery grounds for the victims who died in the ghetto. The death rate was shocking. Funerals of several dozen people were a daily occurrence, but on some days as many as 170, ghetto Jews would die.
I found the field with all the signs very beautiful with its soft high grass and wildflowers. Some of the name signs all information was gone and one area of the field the information was very new. The field talked most to me. Like the Jewish cemetery in Warsaw did this one embrace me too. Nature now take care of the cherishing.
According to the Jewish community’s archives, an estimated 45,000 victims were buried in this section during the years 1940-44. After the war, the area was named the Ghetto Field. It should be noted that there were no mass graves for Jews in Lodz. Efforts were made to ensure each body was buried in its own grave.
The ghetto got its name by the German Nazi party – to honour the German general Karl Litzmann for his victory of the Battle of Łódź in 1914. Litzmann became a member of Nazi Party in 1929 having previously become a member of SA. So during 2 wars, this man put his evil mark on Łódź.
Radegast train station – is where Jews from the whole of Europe was deported to the all the death camps.
Starting in 1942, transports of Jews were sent out from Radogoszcz to their deaths. From the spring to the autumn of 1942, more than 70,000 Jews were sent north to the death camp at Chelmno-nad-Nerem. The transports were suspended for a year and a half, then the mass killing at Chelmno resumed. In June and July of 1944, more than 7,000 people were escorted there. Almost no one survived. Beginning on August 2, 1944, the surviving ghetto inhabitants were transported to Auschwitz.
The last transport of ghetto Jews is reported to have left on August 29, 1944. Of the more than 70,000 people deported to Auschwitz during those final days, only a few thousand survived. The figures quoted by historians vary and oscillate between 5,000 and 15,000.
I have read somewhere that the last transport of ghetto Jews is reported to have left on August 29, 1944 and around 900 jews were left behind to clean up the Ghetto – they became part of the few thousand survives.
Jews from all over Europe and also Austrian Gipsies were sent to Litzmannstadt first – for later transport.
In 2002, the Monumentum Iudaicum Lodzense Foundation, an organization that helps preserve the Jewish heritage in Lodz, suggested that a museum of the ghetto be created in the Radogoszcz Station building. It is to be one of the major historical sites that tell the tragic story of the Lodz ghetto.
MONUMENT TO THE ŁÓDŹ GHETTO HOLOCAUST, was built in 2004-2006 and in the Hall of Towns (wasn’t open when we were there) – which lists the names of metropolises, cities and towns, from which Jews were deported to the Litzmannstadt Ghetto; and the Column of Remembrance with a burning candle.
One can see the sky from the interior of the column as if through a chimney. On the walls of the Hall of the Towns, the cities and villages from which the Jews came from are inscribed.
I wonder why we haven’t learned from what happened then … and why isn’t the questions asked now????!!! I know it’s a very small percentage of us, but even so, the hate is out there (even in the State of Israel) and the ignorance. And that is a very dangerous combination.